Autoclave Classic 9 Litre 126C (exclude instrument basket, printer & Cassettes. include Lid Gasket)
A-Z of Salon Hygiene
Why is salon hygiene important?
To prevent cross infection wherever possible.
Raise the level of customer/community awareness to the risks of cross infection.
Improve your salon image and your credibility – make you stand out from the rest.
Who are we protecting?
•Your business reputation
•The general population
Where does infection come from?
Infections need a carrier and they are;
•The client - they are the primary source!
•Trade or service visitors such as salesmen, delivery drivers or electricians
What are the most common types of infection?
How do we know if someone has an infection?
Unless it is obvious we don’t!
We can ask – do we get a truthful answer?, or
We can take actions to minimise the risk.
•Infections are not always visible.
•Bacteria that exist harmlessly inside the body can become harmful if transmitted outside the body.
•Bacteria can be from human infection, poor hygiene in food preparation or poor hand cleanliness.
•Bacteria can quickly multiply in newly infected hosts.
1 bacterium at 8:00am will multiply into 135 million bacteria by 17:00 the same day!!
The poor therapist that is rostered on for the late night shift...
•Hepatitis B – highly infectious. Hep B can lie dormant for many years without showing any symptoms. A vaccine exists and all salon staff should be vaccinated.
•Hepatitis C – usually transmitted by shared needles. Blood borne but without any vaccine.
•HIV – mainly results form infected blood. The virus can reduce the body’s ability to fight other infections.
•Herpes – a high % of adults are carriers but do not display symptoms. Easily transferred by skin to skin through cuts.
•Viruses are not treatable with antibiotics.
The risk of transmissions in the event of a sharps injury from an infected client is;
Hepatitis B: 1 in 3
Hepatitis C: 1 in 30
HIV: 1 in 300
•Usually more visible than bacterial or viral infections.
•Their effect an be increased by the use of antibiotics.
•They can take a long time to eliminate even with treatment.
Usually visible, depending on location.
Scratching of the infection may lead to secondary infections.
How is infection transmitted?
•Direct contact – skin to skin, especially through cuts or wounds.
•Inhalation as a result of coughing or sneezing.
•Ingestion through contact with contaminated utensils, surfaces or hands.
•Injection or skin piercing/cuts.
What can we do?
Assume that all clients have an infection and work accordingly.
•If you suspect a client has an infection politely refuse to treat them, explain why and provide advice.
•Be discrete when declining treatment.
•Establish a salon hygiene protocol covering the many different aspects of infection control.
What is a protocol?
A framework document, or set of documents, that provides a structure to the day to day functioning of the salon in all areas of infection control. A lot of the work is already being done, a protocol will add structure.
The general content of a salon protocol is the same for everyone, however, every salon will need to develop their own individual document.
Infection control protocol- The main areas to consider are:
•PPE and personal hygiene
•Equipment cleaning and sterilization
•Walls and floors should be solid and easily accessible for cleaning.
•Surface materials should be impervious to cleaning materials.
•Dedicated areas for equipment the storage of consumables and cleaning materials.
•Salon layout can minimise the risks from transporting waste or equipment.
•Toilets should be located separately from the salon working area.
•Readily available – and used – PPE.
•Gloves, goggles, masks and aprons.
•Explain to the client why you are wearing PPE.
•Dispose of it after treatment.
•Dispose of it correctly.
•Clean uniforms – ideally with short sleeves as long sleeves can become contaminated and act as a vehicle for cross infection.
•Clean hair, tied back.
•Clean, well cut nails.
•A minimum of jewellery, especially on the wrists and hands.
Hand washing can make the greatest difference to reducing the risk of cross infection
• A separate protocol should be developed.
•Visual displays of the correct method of hand washing should be clearly displayed.
•Paper towels should be provided, not cotton.
•Staff washing facilities should be separate from the toilet.
•Clients should also be made aware and encouraged to wash their hands.
Surface cleaning and disinfection
•The risks of infection from surfaces is often overlooked.
•All carriers can potentially contaminate a surface.
•Cleaning and disinfection should be undertaken following a strict regime and using the correct materials. If independent cleaners are used make sure they are aware of the regime.
•Health and safety information as well as disposal requirements of any chemical used should be clearly visible.
Equipment cleaning and sterilization
•All re-usable instruments MUST be cleaned to remove any tissue or blood before sterilization.
•If an instrument is not clean it cannot be sterilized.
•Cleaning can be manual, ultrasonic or using a dedicated washer disinfector.
•Sterilization should be by steam autoclave – this is the preferred method of WHO. It provides a proven, reliable and repeatable
•Sterilization should use a steam autoclave.
•Key questions to ask are;
a)Does the autoclave conform to international standards?
b)Can the company selling me the equipment provide technical service?
c)What are the cycle times?
d)Is it easy to use?
e)What size is it?
f)How much does it cost to run?
•Hot air, UV and chemical solutions methods all have limitations.
•The cleaning and sterilization of instruments means that they will be out of use for a period of time.
•Instrument management and the availability of instruments is an important part of the salon operation, for someone should have responsibility.
•Manual washing of instruments presents a significant health and safety risk.
•Staff should be trained and made aware of the risks of manual cleaning, and how to minimise them.
•The best option is a dedicated washer disinfector – this can be cost prohibitive.
•Ultrasonic cleaners are the most cost effective and practical alternative.
•Domestic dishwashers are NOT the answer.
•Assess the risk presented by certain techniques and work accordingly.
•Segregate hazardous and non-hazardous waste.
•Collect used sharps separately.
•Use colour coded bags for different waste types.
•Dispose of waste in line with local regulations.
•Ensure there is a defined route for transferring waste within the salon.
•Ensure all staff are trained.
•The effectiveness of any procedure or protocol depends on staff knowing what to do!
•Appoint a trainer with responsibility.
•All staff should be trained and assessed regularly.
•Training should be provided on any new equipment before use.
•Training records must be kept.
•Routine equipment maintenance checks.
•Staff training records.
•Client data – dates with treatment provided.
•Sterilization records – they protect you!
•They provide a reference for staff.
•Records provide proof to external inspection organisations.
•You can use record keeping as a marketing tool for the business.
Salon Hygiene Be realistic!
Take a step by step approach. Review what you do now, and where it can be improved by simple changes. Work within any financial limits.
Keep It Short and Simple
Great ideas and good understanding means nothing with poor implementation and communication!
A member of staff needs to be appointed as the Infection Control Manager to implement, monitor and change the policy. They must have authority. They must be responsible for training, monitoring and communication of all messages relating to Infection Control.
Summary Develop an action plan
•Critically assess your current systems.
•Appoint the key people.
•Develop the protocols.
•Provide the training.
•Continually review challenging the staff and the system you put in place.
If you would like to learn more about world leading Prestige Medical Visage Autoclave’s, contact Youth Beauty at email@example.com
And to receive a free sample of the new VIROFEX- also send your contact details to firstname.lastname@example.org
Virofex Alcohol-free, high-level surface disinfectants, containing detergent for additional cleaning action.Effective against Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, Spores,TB and MRSA etc....For use on all non-invasive medical device surfaces within the medical or dental office, surgery and salon including those that are normally sensitive to alcoholSafe to use on all plastic including perspex, chair upholstery, plastic parts on medical devices and all worktops.
The Classic is a unit ideally suited for the sterilization of beauty salon instruments.
Manufacture in the UK by a world expert in the field of decontamination solutions, Classic has been sold for over 25 years and has established a reputation as the product of choice with the beauty market in many countries.
Instrument sterilization is vitally important because:
•It prevents cross infection between customers
•It helps protects the salon staff
•It can raise the profile of the salon
•It can act as a critical step in the overall infection control program within the salon, and can help meet local regulatory standards.
•Steam sterilization is the preferred method of WHO and CDC.
•Steam sterilizers have international standards to which they should comply.
•Steam sterilization is a proven method.
•It is the same technology/method as used in hospitals.
There are no short cuts in sterilization – instruments are either sterilized or they are not.
•Operates at 126oC or 134oC
•Full lid interlock mechanism
•Capacity is 9 litre
•Fully automatic cycle in less than 30 minutes
•Single button operation
•Instrument basket as standard with cassette box options
•Cycle is suitable for sterilizing unwrapped solid instruments.
•Lid interlock mechanism prevents the unit from being opened until the internal conditions are safe.
•Automatic cycle eliminates the need for manual attendance and releases staff for other tasks.
Classic or hot air sterilizers
•Classic offer cycle times of 30 minutes.
•Hot air sterilizers routinely have cycle times of several hours.
•This means instruments are available much faster with Classic.
•If you use a hot air oven you will need to buy more sets of instruments to allow for the longer cycle times.
•Classic uses a sterilizing temperature of 121oC.
•Hot air sterilizers use temperatures of 160 - 180oC.
Classic or UV sterilizers
•Classic offers a simple, easy to use unit with a fully automatic cycle.
•The majority of UV sterilizers require manual selection of exposure time which risks ineffective sterilization. Exposure time will depend on the operator, bulb strength and the nature of the infection to be killed.
•UV can only be effective on surfaces which are exposed to the UV rays.
•Steam can circulate all around the instruments to be sterilized ensuring complete sterilization.
•There are no FDA approved UV sterilizers.
•Very high temperatures for a long time may damage your instruments or other utensils.
Classic or Liquids
Liquid ‘sterilant’ solutions require long exposure times.
•Long exposure times mean that many more sets of instruments are required to service the customer throughput.
•The disposal of the used liquid requires environmental and local authority consideration.
•There is no automation in the process – exposure time is user dependent and therefore the risk of compromising the process is high.
•Salon disinfectants are disinfectants and do not sterilize.
•Classic offers a fully automated, fast cycle.
Key factors for the salon to consider
•Easy to use.
•Any consumables with extra costs?
•Fully automatic cycle with no need for user intervention.
•Proven sterilization technology.
•Compliance to recognised national or international standards.
•Strong industry usage.
The salon needs to consider all these factors but most importantly how they can make a real difference to eliminating the risks of cross infection. A sterilizer is a critical part of a wider program that should also include hand and surface hygiene.
The risks are to you, your staff and the customer.
Ultimately any proven infection that can be traced back to you and your hygiene program is a risk to your business.
The Classic offers a complete sterilization solution.
•It uses proven, internationally recognised technology.
•It is safe and easy to use.
•It is fully automatic.
•It has short cycle times.
•It conforms to a range of national and international standards.
•It is portable.
•It comes with a 2 year parts warranty.
•It is the value for money, cost effective answer to your infection control needs.
•It offers complete peace of mind.
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